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the academics and economics behind school choice

by:QiMeng     2019-08-28
Wayne, Ind.
-Reina rodgetz is a poster child of the school\'s choice.
From a family with six children and two children.
Her parents are a nurse and a fireman.
Last year in Fort Wayne, Indiana, a paid voucher to graduate from Bishop lure high school.
She is now a freshman at Indiana University.
\"Without the continued support of all those who support the school\'s selection program, I would not have reached today\'s level academically and spiritually, in a speech delivered at the school choice rally on January, Mr. rodgetz wrote.
\"I firmly believe that the school choice program and Bishop Luer have forever changed my life and will continue to help my family and many other families with heavy financial burdens.
\"The speech attracted national attention, and Rod rigz soon stood next to the United States. S.
The Minister of Education, Betsy DeVos, attended the Indianapolis conference in May as a special guest.
This is because Indiana\'s voucher program may be a guide to a national initiative that is the largest in the country after just six years.
But not everyone agrees to pay for religious education in private schools with taxes.
Republican state lawmakers implemented the plan and made a little adjustment to it to expand its reach and even expand its entire premise.
\"The way it\'s launched is seen to focus more on the areas we\'re best --
\"Adventure students-get them out of a situation where public schools don\'t perform,\" said Jennifer McCormick, Indiana public teaching director . \".
She is a Republican, but she does not agree with her political colleagues in this regard.
\"Now, when you look at the data, it\'s clear that the biggest growth area is suburban white students who have never been to public schools,\" McCormick said . \".
The latest report on Indiana\'s choice of scholarship program shows that less than 1% of those who hold lotteries come from a failed public school.
Most people who use vouchers have never attended public schools in Indiana.
It is not clear what indicators should be used to measure the success of the Indiana experiment.
However, the program has broken out-from 3,900 students in the first school year to more than 34,000 students in 2016 --17. Then-Gov. Mitch Daniels (R)
Pushing the project in the first place, he said his first goal was social justice-\"just to correct inequality, the rich can choose their children\'s schools and schools --
People cannot get income.
But Daniels, who is now the fifth year of President of Purdue University, says the program is by no means about academic performance in public schools.
\"Values and safety are all other reasons why parents can make choices,\" he said . \".
\"I always take the satisfaction of my parents as a starting point.
Not just SAT scores.
\"Carl Losh, minister of Catholic education, Roman Catholic parish, Fort Wayne --
\"How we define success can\'t be measured by testing,\" said nanbende.
If our children go to heaven
At the end of our day, the Lord will ask us, \'I sent 5,000 children to you.
What did you do to them?
He clarified that this is a big picture, but academic achievements and artistic growth are also important.
Loesch\'s attention to God shows that all schools except the few private schools that accept vouchers are faith --based.
Some have criticized the idea that state funds were used for religious programs, but in the early days the Indiana Supreme Court supported the program as constitutional.
Betsy Burdick, director of the Institute of Quality Education, said academic success is a clear measure, but not the only one.
The group is fighting hard for choice in Indiana.
\"I don\'t think parents choose school because they want their children to fail academically,\" Burdick said . \".
\"I think this is inherent in their choices.
But there are other measures, including class size, safety and values, she added.
A preliminary study of Indiana-selected data showed that students using coupons had an average decline in their math scores, although students who have spent four years in private schools have improved in mathematics and English compared to students in public schools.
This is not a resounding victory for coupon supporters.
\"The works sold in the past were all about academics, and now they are not interested in these comparisons,\" said Teresa Meredith, president of Indiana state Teachers\' Association . \".
\"This is now an opportunity in the middle --
White class families may live in urban areas to get rid of any challenges they are uncomfortable with, or take them away from any class they may not like class makeup, she said.
Allegations of segregation show that more and more people are white people receiving coupons.
In the first year, 24% of the coupon participants were black, and now the ratio is 12%.
At the same time, the proportion of white students increased from 46% to 60%.
The number of Hispanic participants increased, but the percentage of the total remained relatively stable. State Rep.
Robert Benin (R-Indianapolis)
It is a firm choice to say that all children who meet financial conditions can get coupons regardless of race.
Robert Enlow, president and CEO of EdChoice, said vouchers provide more services to children of color than public schools provide on average every year.
He also said that at 2015-
In the 16 academic year, 68% of children had free lunches in public schools, compared with 47% in public schools.
\"What I think the media is bothering me most is that the project is described as taking a lot of money out of the public school system, and it\'s actually about 1.
5% of their total funds, \"Loesch said.
Only 3% of students in the state have vouchers, he said.
\"I don\'t think this number will increase dramatically,\" Loesch said . \".
\"I don\'t think public schools should feel threatened by massive outflows.
\"But the impact on public schools is at the heart of the debate, because legislators provide a sum of money that must be distributed between traditional public, charter and private voucher schools.
McCormick noted that while lawmakers have increased funding, more schools are competing for funding.
\"We are all pursuing the same resources, so it becomes difficult when resources are scarce,\" she said . \".
\"It\'s not just money, but also teachers, administrators, buildings, support people, bus drivers.
\"Students in both public and voucher schools must take standardized national examinations, which largely constitute-to-
Each school receives level F.
The similarity is that all private schools in Indiana have the option of teachers who do not have a licence, they can discriminate according to their sexual orientation, they do not have a public budget, their board meetings are not open to the public, they can reject students for grades, vandalism, and special needs of their children.
Meredith noted that vouchers have eased financial pressure on some churches that can now use donations to build churches and other facilities rather than support their schools.
Jenny Andorfer, Bishop Luers admissions director, said that this is not true at all and noted that the school\'s new media center is the latest improvement in the aging facilities paid by the fund.
Vouchers do not include the full cost of tuition fees, she said, and the church still provides financial assistance, especially for families with income limits above the income limit. State Rep.
Martin Cabo (R-Fort Wayne)
A bill was filed last year requiring vouchers schools to submit reports on how schools use the money for each student who chooses a scholarship.
Benin declined to hold a hearing on the bill, noting that the state provided millions of dollars of financial assistance to Hoosier\'s children to go to college.
He said they could take these scholarships to public or private universities, and no one asked what the University of Notre Dame did with the money.
Fort Wayne Community School (FWCS)
Expanding the use of vouchers could be the biggest hit.
In the center of a city called the city of churches, there is already a huge network of beliefs --based schools.
Wendy Robinson, director of FWCS, said lawmakers created the education industry and she was passionate about it.
She called on voucher schools to recruit not only for athletes but also for transcripts.
A local private school sent an acceptance gift basket with balloons and gifts to the eighth student --
First year students at the FWCS magnet school welcome students to private schools.
After several people arrived, the FWCS began to throw away the basket.
\"Now it\'s up to a business, how can I get your students to leave, but they only want certain students,\" Robinson said . \".
\"It is morally wrong to turn children into business models.
The children they want are the ones they don\'t have to spend a lot of money on, because that way they can make money.
Andorra and the parish refused to pick cherries.
Perhaps Daniels responded best to all the criticism.
\"I think this is ridiculous,\" said the former governor . \".
\"Don\'t blame parents for choosing a different place.
Provide a safe and effective school and you won\'t have any problems.
\"Robinson has seen nearly 4,700 students leave the FWCS with vouchers and many are leaving-and B-
Public Schools.
There are dozens of returns each year, but there is still a net loss.
In general, voucher students have a retention rate of 95% in the academic year.
Down to 80% year on yearto-
Since students are either not invited back, parents can\'t afford their fees, or the family just decides that another option is better.
\"I don\'t want to be considered complaining because it\'s the law of the country and God bless us, it\'s probably the law of the land,\" Robinson said . \".
\"But we don\'t play games.
Don\'t say this is the best thing because you take the kids away from the failed school.
This is not what we see.
\"I\'m afraid the whole country is going to sell a list of goods.
So far, President DeVos and Donald Trump have touted a historic proposal for an educational choice, but no details have been given.
Meredith says the idea of a national project that imitates Indiana makes her \"want to vomit \".
Even Burdick and Enlow-who have been working for the choice for years-have warned against using some sort of national credentials, noting that several states have their own systems and it\'s not clear how everything will work together.
Another option is to provide a school choice tax credit which may be incorporatedunder-
Federal Tax Reform Act.
Daniels believes there should be no national program at all, noting that states now have the ability to define their own.
\"I would be very skeptical about anything that increases the cost of the deficit,\" he said . \".
\"Throwing a pile of debt to these children is another unjust approach.
Rebecca Klein Ford Wayne
-It was not until the end of the 1980 s that when a group of parents sued, Fort Wayne canceled segregation in public primary schools.
At that time, even decades after Brown v.
National Council for Education
Accredited school segregation is illegal, with black and white children mostly isolated from their own facilities within the city\'s largest school district.
White children have access to most of the resources in the community, while black students have access to the remaining resources.
A few years later, Fort Wayne Community School has become a rare highlight in a country that basically abandons apartheid.
The community is also widely supported, and unlike other places that are trying to remove apartheid, white families have never fled the area in groups.
But community stakeholders are now questioning whether it is possible that the Indiana voucher program passed in 2011 will begin to undo some of these achievements.
National programs that use public funds to help students afford private schools should provide low
Children earning educational opportunities are the same as their richer peers.
Local and national critics of the project say they fear it will actually allow
Let students escape from diverse public schools and choose private schools that are more homogeneous.
In Indiana, where the median household income is $49,255, the eligibility requirements for earning coupons are free compared to other state programs.
A family of four, earning as much as $91,020, is eligible for a partial public-funded scholarship.
This means that wealthy white families can take advantage of scholarships and potential self-
Harry Potter, a senior researcher at the Century Foundation of the public policy research group, said, \"isolation \".
These fears are not created in a vacuum.
Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers, pointed out that the race history of the voucher program is a warning sign.
After Brown v.
To avoid enrolling students of color, some southern officials closed their public schools.
Private schools offer tuition subsidies to white students so they can attend their own independent colleges.
In order to determine whether Fort Wayne\'s voucher school can facilitate more modern White flights, the Huffington Post surveyed population data for public and private schools from 2011 to 2017, collected by the Indiana Department of Education.
Of the 28 private schools we had data on, only 4 increased the proportion of white students during that time.
Private schools in Fort Wayne grew from 84% white schools in 2011 to 74% White schools in 2017.
Public schools have grown from 58% White to 55% white.
These figures indicate that no large-scale White flights have taken place since the coupon program took effect in Fort Wayne.
But local critics say the form of apartheid is more subtle.
According to teachers and advocates involved in the FWCS, the voucher system created a two
A hierarchical system of rich and rich peoplenots.
Wendy Robinson, director of FWCS, said she has witnessed active efforts by local private schools to recruit the best and brightest students from public schools. “[They’re]
Pursue the children of the best football players, pursue the children who can help you get [to]
Robinson said: \"his region has a graduation rate of nearly 90%, higher than the state\'s average.
\"It\'s almost like college sports recruitment, and it\'s almost true.
Robinson described receiving a beautiful gift basket with balloons for some of her students from a local private school as a recruitment strategy.
She also pointed out that with the expansion of voucher income eligibility requirements, the program is no longer targeted only at the poorest students.
\"Vouchers change the complexity of parish schools because now you\'re chasing dollars, so you have more diversity.
But in private schools, vouchers don\'t pay all the money, \"says Robinson.
\"I think it\'s probably ethnic diversity that people are concerned about.
The diversity of finance is the reason for the decline.
It creates wealth and wealth. nots.
\"At the same time, private schools do not have to provide the same services for students with special needs as public schools do, leaving it the responsibility of public schools to serve some of the most difficult students --to-
Contact students, says Robinson.
Counsel for the FWCS board and former chairman Mark Jaquinta also endorsed these criticisms.
\"Unfortunately, I think parish schools are using young people of color to enhance their sport.
Then they boast that they are integrating their school, but to what extent?
Said Jia Kunta.
Robert Angelo, president and CEO of EdChoice, disagrees.
There is no data to support these anecdotes, he said.
Both GiaQuinta and Enlow said they wanted to collect the data, even if they were divided on what they thought such a study would show.
Trying to discredit the claims that private schools are Cherry
Enlow\'s selection of students pointed out the early results of a study by the University of Notre Dame and the University of Kentucky.
The study is currently in the peer review process, showing students initially experienced a decline in math scores on coupons, but caught up with their counterparts in public schools four years later.
\"If private schools recruit the best students, then you will not see a decline --
\"It was canceled in the exam results,\" said nlow . \".
Robinson says she doesn\'t know if she can live to see the end of the Indiana voucher program, but she will continue to fight for the thousands of children who remain at school.
With vouchers, she said, \"It\'s not just the removal of apartheid, but also the economic, social and various levels of restrictions.
We run boutique schools with public funds.
Rosa salte rodrídborg Wayne
Part of Kelly Pence\'s job was to advise parents on educational options for autistic children, and recently she noticed a change in questions raised by parents.
Few would like to know if they should send their children to private schools using the Indiana scholarship program selection voucher.
\"Many of our parents just don\'t use them,\" said Pence, the mother of the two children. school-
Autistic children from garritte, Indiana.
\"Part of this is because it\'s hard for us to get the service from the start, no matter where you get the service you need, because moving needs to start over, so you tend to stay there.
It\'s a trouble, \"said Pence.
Since 2011, Indiana\'s voucher program has been touted by supporters as a model for the country, allowing parents who meet certain income guidelines to use government funds to educate their children outside public schools.
However, it seems that students with special educational needs rarely use vouchers.
This has led critics to accuse private schools of discriminating against such students, and the program has concentrated students whose diagnosis is more complex and needs more expensive in public schools, draining their resources.
Indiana Department of Education enrollment statistics show that since 2011-
In the 12-year school year, the proportion of special education students attending non-public schools has increased from 2 to 2 across the state.
9% Year 1 to 3.
2016 5%-17.
However, this is about 10 percent more than the number of special education students registered in public schools in the same period.
Unlike public schools, private schools must provide free and appropriate education for all eligible children, or in violation of the disability law, private schools may refuse admission to students, including students with special needs.
Wendy Robinson, head of community schools in Fort Wayne, said this amounts to discrimination based on disability.
\"Now it comes down to being a business-how can I get your students to leave, but I just want certain students,\" she said . \".
\"We even have an example of four children in a family-three of which are gen [eral]ed[ucation]
One of them is special education.
They actually say to people, \'Fort Wayne did a better job of special education students.
\"We can help you with the other three, but we really don\'t have a service for your special education students,\" Robinson said . \".
Mark Jaquinta, former chairman of the FWCS board, said the number of local admissions reflects this.
In fact, FWCS has been between the ages of 14 since the voucher program began. 5 and 15.
5% of students received special education, and 4,514 students received special education last year.
But parish schools in some regions are willing to accept students with vouchers-the Central Lutheran School in New Haven, Bishop devinger in Fort Wayne and Bishop lure High School, A Christian School in Roanoke-there are far fewer students in special education.
Last year, they had a total of 104 special education students, with a percentage of individuals from zero (
Aboite Christianity)to 6. 2 percent (Luers).
National statistics do not show how many of these students use coupons. “We [public schools]
No choice not to accept them [
Students with special needs]
\"We will not avoid them,\" said GiaQuinta . \".
\"All children are entitled to quality education.
It\'s just that private schools can choose the people they want.
\"Jon milk, head of the school of Luther, Indiana, which belongs to the Lutheran Church --
Bishop of Missouri.
He said in an email statement that the law allows parents to decide to use private schools that they may not be able to afford.
According to Mielke, district Lutheran schools \"work closely with public school leaders and teachers to help identify and agree on the types of services required and provided.
We are willing to cooperate for the best benefit of our students. “No special-
\"Unless there are children who need these services to attend school, the demand resources will flow from public schools to non-public schools,\" he added . \".
\"The legislative intent is that these resources will serve children.
Phil Downs, principal of the Southwest Allen County School, said his district is willing to serve the special needs students of private schools, who have the option of providing specialized services and treatments to public schools.
Without the right staff, experts even go to non-public schools.
\"It\'s too clumsy,\" he said . \"
According to Downs, two or three students with special needs leave private schools each year to go to the South West Allen Public School.
Emelie Workman at Fort Wayne, the parents of two students with special needs, did it with her children.
The worker said she would prefer her children to be educated in a religious setting, and that she liked the class size and personalized attention of the smaller religious schools they had attended.
But she can\'t guarantee that their needs will be met.
Workman said that although the individualized education plan for children with special needs is a legal document, presumably binding, only public schools are in a situation where things are not going well
In non-public schools, if the child has a behavioral problem caused by a disability, or if the parent is told that the child\'s needs cannot be met, there may be no other way but to take the child away, she said.
Workman said that because there are too few therapists, children in non-public schools may also be the last to receive the service, and he has been in contact with some special children, the parent support organization in the state.
Workman recommends that any parent of a student with special needs first talk to other parents and educators in a potential school before making a decision, and then continue to focus on the progress of the student.
Her children have all returned to public schools.
\"Academically, I don\'t see any difference,\" the worker said . \".
\"In terms of behavior, I feel that their needs are met, and I feel that the staff have received more training so that they can be met.
\"They do a good job of what they need to do.
Parents of many students with special needs are struggling to find vouchers and alternatives to public schools, Pence said.
Schooling at home is one of them, and online education is booming, she said.
\"We see a huge change in our population in autism and he is also a parent ally of the Indiana Autism Association,\" Pence said.
Students at an online school at Indiana connect college can still participate in sports and extra-curricular activities in public schools, and have the same curriculum, testing and graduation requirements, Pence said.
\"For me, forget the stupid voucher system to meet the needs of these children, which is [more training and resources]for teachers],” she said.
\"I just think a lot of us have been trying to make it work. . . . We’re tired.
\"It was written by Ashley Sloboda Ford Wayne.
-Beth and Heath Bearman come from a family of teachers in public schools who send their children to public schools.
Beth Bearman says their satisfaction with Fort Wayne Community Schools has declined over time as the curriculum has become more disruptive and no longer resembles a learning environment.
The parents said that after the first day of the third day of son Enzo, the difference between the public school and the parish school environment became particularly obvious
Students from St. John Baptist Catholic school.
When asked if anyone was in trouble, they recalled that the fifth one now
But no one threw the table.
The voucher makes it possible for eight Catholic families to send their children to parish schools, one currently at Bishop Lur high school and two at St. John the Baptist.
Their three children are in college.
Luers admissions director Jenny Andorfer says their story is typical for families who use the Indiana scholarship program.
The Catholic High School in Fort South Wayne was established in 1958 and has received $6.
97 million of voucher payments since 2011
It brought about $1 last year.
89 million, covering nearly two years
Thirty of the 617 students in the school.
Vouchers do not cover the full amount of tuition fees, depending on the number of children enrolled in the family and whether the family is registered in the parish. The 2017-
Tuition fees for 18 students are $5,775 for registered families and $7,008 for non-registered families
Registered families, plus a fee of $1,220 per student.
Luers is owned and operated by Fort Wayne Roman Catholic Parish
Nanbend also offered financial aid and scholarships.
\"We want to make education affordable for all families in private schools,\" Andorra said . \".
Luers has a maximum capacity of 720 students with a target of 600 students and starts the school year with 587 students, she said.
Since 2010, its student groups have become more diverse in terms of race and economy.
Seven years ago, 81% of the students were white.
There were 57% people last year.
The Hispanic population has grown from 6% to 19%, and the black population has almost doubled from 9% to 17%.
In 2010, 15% of Luers students ate free or less lunch; last year, 37. 5 percent were.
In recent years, the population of special education has stabilized at about 6%.
The graduation rate of luers has been over 95% in recent years, and its overall schoolto-
Class F only dropped from Class A to Class B last year.
The state\'s accountability system takes into account multiple factors for school scoring, including graduation rates and student performance in mathematics and English.
It has been criticized by school leaders who say that results do not accurately reflect what is happening in the classroom.
Andorra acknowledged that with the increase in vouchers students, there was a slight negative impact on the overall academic performance of the students.
But she says the school\'s expectations for students are clear and will not just pick the best.
\"If we look at the student\'s application, we feel that they fail in the exam and fail in the exam, we will take into account the middle school they attend, if we feel that it is not in the best interest of that student here, or that they are not successful here, then we reserve the right not to accept them, \"said Andorra.
\"But we don\'t just pick the highest, best students.
Our average is very high. level students.
We feel that every child has a chance to make progress, \"she added.
Andorra guided reporters on a short visit at the beginning of the school year, noting that the building itself did not have many decorations.
There is a simulated clock hanging in the corridor, and the blackboard can be seen in the classroom. A window-
With courtyard views on both sides of the corridor, Andorra commented on the size of the school.
\"You\'re almost looking at the whole building,\" she said . \".
Like any high school, the walls are dotted with leaflets promoting various programs, a trophy box boasting student achievement, and the players\' lockers are decorated.
But this is obviously a parish school.
Students wear uniforms-usually red or black polo wholesale t shirts wholesale with kha cloth or black trousers-on a corridor with a wooden cross with rosary beads.
A small church greets students at the entrance.
Luers said on its website that it provides a \"belief --
Conduct spiritual, academic and social education for students based on the college preparatory course.
Both students and parents have expressed importance to religious education.
Rica Rodriguez, a junior, likes that students can talk about religion with any teacher at any time, she said.
Camille King, a senior, started her parish school experience at the nearby Lutheran southern Unity School, which she was not a Catholic, but said she was not treated any differently.
\"A community does not mean the same,\" she said . \".
\"To be honest, it is impossible for me to choose a better school.
Her sister, little ANI King, said she thanked the teachers for their willingness to help the students.
After doing everything possible to stay in the FWCS, the Bears said their children had succeeded in Luers.
They point to the small class at the school-there is a 16:1 student on the school website --
Proportion of teachers and student behavior.
\"They are here to learn,\" said Heath Bilman . \".
\"There\'s everything here.
The Wall Street Journal works with Huffington Post
Learn more about Indiana\'s choice scholarship program, often referred to as the voucher program.
Reports from Wall Street Journal reporters Nikki Kelly, Ashley Sloboda, Rosa sauté roderiggs and Huffington Post reporter Rebecca Klein
The basic courses used by some schools, whether the vouchers affect the school\'s demographics, where students with special educational needs go to school, and the impact on family school enrollment.
On May 3, 2017, the best picture of the speech by the Minister of Education, Betsy DeVos, was attributed to Mark Wilson through Getty Images.
The article first appeared in Huffington Post.
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